What Is Pest Control?

Pest Control is a service that prevents disease-causing pests from entering homes and businesses. It is especially important in food and retail environments.

The most common method is to use baits and traps, as well as physical removal. Other techniques include removing food, water or shelter sources, and keeping garbage bins closed and clean. Biological methods like nematodes (microscopic worms) are also used. Contact Candor Pest Control now!

In order to implement effective pest control strategies, it is first necessary to identify the pests that are causing damage. This can be done by observing the physical symptoms that pests leave behind, such as holes in crops or chewed foliage, or by using visual clues such as coloration and other unique features. Pest identification also involves understanding the life cycle and habits of each pest, which can help in determining what types of controls will be most effective.

For example, some pests, such as flies or mosquitoes, require the use of insecticides that can be harmful to humans and beneficial insects. On the other hand, cockroaches, beetles, termites and rodents can often be controlled without using pesticides. By identifying the pest that is infesting your business, your Rentokil professional can provide the best pest control solution for your needs.

The best way to determine what type of pest you are dealing with is by examining the damage that they cause. This can be done by looking at the type of crop that is affected, as well as comparing the damage to what other types of pests typically do (e.g., weevils leave small holes in the outside edges of leaves whereas caterpillars make large tunnels inside the leaf).

It is also useful to examine where these pests are located. For example, if the pests are causing damage in a fruit crop, it is important to note if they are eating the entire crop or just the ends of the rows. This information will help in deciding which crops to harvest or whether to plant a different variety that is less vulnerable to the pest.

When possible, pests should be identified down to the species level because different species within a family or even genus will have very different behaviors and damage patterns. Identification down to the species can be accomplished by a number of methods, including consulting with an expert or sending samples to a specialized laboratory. This process is extremely important because it helps in implementing IPM plans that can reduce or eliminate the pests while avoiding damage to beneficial plants and animals.

Pest Prevention

A pest prevention program can be much more effective than a treatment of an already-established infestation. It involves regular inspections that identify conditions that promote pest growth and prevents these conditions from occurring. This approach reduces the need for chemical treatments and allows facilities, property or QA managers to take control of the situation without having to resort to expensive or potentially hazardous pesticides.

Pests can contaminate food, damage building materials and make allergy and asthma symptoms worse in people. The chemicals used to get rid of them can also have health effects if they are not used properly. It is important for building residents and maintenance workers to know how to implement an effective pest prevention program.

One of the main steps in implementing a pest prevention program is to identify and limit access points into a building or facility. Pests can exploit the tiniest cracks and gaps to gain entry, so it is essential to regularly inspect and seal these areas. Also, it is important to maintain proper waste management and landscaping maintenance to eliminate a food source for pests.

Another important step in a pest prevention program is to understand how natural forces affect the pest population. Understanding things like climate, natural enemies, available harborage, food and water sources, and a pest’s lifespan and life cycle can help in planning for when to intervene. It is possible to stop an established pest population in its tracks by interfering at just the right time in a pest’s life cycle.

Finally, it is important for facility, property or QA managers to understand what they can do to lower the risk of a pest problem. This includes ensuring that building maintenance issues are addressed promptly, keeping all food in tightly sealed containers and not leaving it out on counters or tables, washing all food and beverage containers before putting them in trash cans, and not storing food scraps outside buildings or dumpsters.

If a pesticide is required to control a pest infestation, it is important to use only the amount necessary to control the problem. This will minimize the chance of adverse health effects from the pesticide and ensure that it is disposed of properly. It is also important to follow the label instructions and warnings when using a pesticide.

Pest Control Methods

Pests can cause serious damage to plants, buildings, or livestock. They also pose a health risk to humans, as they carry bacteria and viruses that can make people sick. Pest control methods aim to reduce the number of pests to a level that is acceptable. This can be done through prevention, suppression, or eradication.

Pest identification is an important first step in any pest management strategy. It is important to be able to distinguish the type of pest you are dealing with, as this will determine which control method to use. Try to avoid using chemicals unless absolutely necessary, and always follow label instructions carefully. If you are not sure what kind of pest you are dealing with, consult a pest identification guide. Museums Victoria has a free online insect identification service, and there are many other resources available as well.

Preventive pest control includes removing food sources and shelter from the environment, making it more difficult for pests to survive or breed. Cleaning up discarded food items, keeping garbage cans closed, and getting rid of clutter all help prevent pest infestations. It is also important to keep areas clean, as pests will look for places where they can hide and breed.

Physical control involves barriers and exclusion methods, which create an area that pests cannot or will not cross. This can be accomplished by sealing cracks, installing door sweeps and screens, removing breeding sites, and reducing access points for pests to enter a building. Barriers can be made from a variety of materials, but often include wire mesh and caulk.

Biological control methods use natural predators, parasites, or pathogens to control pest populations. This is an environmentally friendly alternative to chemical pesticides, and can be successful in some situations.

In IPM, the goals are to prevent pests, suppress them if they occur, and eradicate them if they are unavoidable. The best time to control a pest is when it is small, so IPM programs start with monitoring and identification, followed by preventive measures. If further monitoring, identification, and action thresholds indicate that preventive controls are no longer effective, the next step is usually control methods that are both less risky and more targeted.


A pesticide is a chemical (or mixture) that kills unwanted plants, animals or microorganisms. It may also modify a plant’s growth (regulator), drop a plant’s leaves prematurely (defoliant) or act as a drying agent (desiccant).

Insecticides, rodenticides and herbicides are examples of pesticides. Some are acutely toxic, meaning they pose a high risk of injury to warm-blooded animals immediately upon exposure, while others are chronically toxic (meaning they present ongoing, low-level risks over time). The relative toxicity of most pesticides is measured by their lethal dose 50 percent, or LD50. This measures the amount of pesticide that kills 50 percent of a group of test animals. In general, the lower the LD50, the more toxic the pesticide.

When a pesticide is used, it should only be applied to the target insect or disease organism and in the manner indicated on its label. It is illegal to use a pesticide in any other way, and doing so can harm plants, pets, people and the environment.

Whenever possible, prevent the need for pesticides by keeping the garden and surrounding area tidy. This can help to reduce the attraction of insects and other pests to the site, and it can make it easier to control them when they are present.

The type of pesticide to use depends on the problem. For example, if an area is infested with beetles, spray it with a coarse, low-pressure squirt with a hose-end or hand pump sprayer. Or, for cockroaches and other indoor pests, apply a surface spray to cracks and crevices.

Indoors, keep pesticides out of reach of children and pets, and never put baits for rodents in areas where they might be ingested or contaminated by food residues. Also, be sure to drain puddles and other standing water outdoors, as they can provide places for mosquitoes to breed.

Before applying any pesticide, read its label carefully and completely. The label contains important information about the product, including a list of all ingredients, its application rate and situations in which it is effective. If you have any questions, consult a provincial or territorial government agricultural department or ministry for advice and further information. When mixing and applying a pesticide, always do so in a well-ventilated area. Wear proper safety equipment, such as rubber gloves and goggles.